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09 August1974
Giampaolo Bernagozzi

On 9 August 1974, the funerals of the victims of the Italicus bombing took place in Bologna in the basilica of San Petronio, the city's church: 12 people were killed by the bomb on the train on the night between 3 and 4 August, in San Benedetto in Val di Sambro, a few kilometres from the capital of Emilia. Pier Paolo Pasolini would call that attack the Bologna massacre in his famous article 'Cos'è questo golpe? Io so' published a few months later in the 'Corriere della sera' (14 November), a real indictment to make the palaces of power tremble. At the funeral of what was to become known as the Bologna massacre - at least until 2 August 1980 when the station massacre took place - and at the huge rally in Piazza Maggiore, in front of San Petronio, citizens, party and trade union militants, representatives of the institutions and local administrations. Amateur and independent filmmakers also flocked, with their democratic cameras. Bernagozzi and Buganè, promoters of a reduced-format cinema of civic commitment, made a film entitled Italicus, from which this sequence is taken, during which we hear the voice of Renato Zangheri, the mayor of Bologna, in his official speech in front of citizens and authorities (including the President of the Republic) and stone-faced people, attacking the strategy of tension, crime and fascism: "On these coffins, we do not say vain words, we do not express good and ephemeral intentions; but we express the hard determination, which is of the overwhelming majority of Italians to fight these plots that are bloodying the country, to defeat them and crush them forever".

In collaboration with Istituto Storico Parri